Sep 222015
 
 September 22, 2015  Posted by at 8:26 am Finance Tagged with: , , , ,


NPC Oldsmobile Golden Rocket 88 Holiday Sedan for 1957, Columbus GA 1908

Angela Merkel has another huge headache on her plate. She seems to attract those these days. And given how she’s been dealing with the last few migraines coming her way, perhaps she deserves them.

For now, it’s a story of one carmaker, Volkswagen. And in one country, the USA. A country in which the diesel engine is somewhat of an orphan, making up just a few percent of the total car market. But the “defeat device” scandal will not stop there.

In Europe, diesel accounts for about half of all vehicles sold. And there’s no reason to presume VW didn’t use the same software tricks in Europe that it did in America. Nor, for that matter, does it seem reasonable to think VW is the only carmaker to apply sleight of hand to its emissions tests. The competition would have had to be profoundly asleep at the wheel not to know about the “device”.

What Volkswagen has been caught cheating on concerns emissions of nitrous oxide. As for its CO2 levels, who knows what can, and maybe will, be found? The crucial question perhaps is, are we ever going to know?

Volkswagen spent the past few years as the biggest carmaker in the world. It’s safe to put that in the past tense now. But given the size of the company, it’s equally safe to assume that Merkel’s people are cooperating with the company on damage control. Whoever may come down hardest on VW, it won’t be Merkel. There’s too much at stake, economically and therefore politically.

Perhaps France, where way more than half the cars are diesel powered, will see an opportunity to bash VW in order to provide a boost to its own automobile industry. But Merkel would see that coming from miles away, and threaten Hollande into submission. Moreover, how ‘clean’ are French engines? Can Hollande be confident about that?

Perhaps this will not go anywhere unless private investors and citizens align in massive litigation, class action suits. That might work, but it also might take many years to move through court.

The EPA has acted at least somewhat faster, though not as fast as you might think. It has forced VW to recall 500,000 cars in the US, and suspend all further sales. However, it took over a year of EPA pressure for Volkswagen to even admit to what it was doing.

And it took a while before that for the EPA to pick up on research conducted by the California Air Resources Board. Who in turn had joined up with studies already underway at West Virginia University and the non-profit International Council on Clean Transportation, which started ‘investigating’ diesel emissions two years ago.

The fact that the EPA has ordered recalls of vehicles dating back as far as 2009 is an indication of how long’s it’s taken to get this thing to the surface.

Sales of diesel luxury cars are set to plummet; not only Volkswagens, and not only in the US. Which is a big headache, too, for the likes of Mercedes, Renault, Peugeot-Citroën, and a handful of Japanese carmakers.

It’s time for everyone, government agencies, environmental groups, to engage in very thorough testing. We at least know what to look for, and at, now. Or let’s say we know at least one thing that requires severe scrutiny.

But this risks turning into one big political game, being conducted from Merkel’s offices in Berlin. Carmakers are powerful corporations, as of course are diesel producers.

We must first of all look at the reasons why Volkswagen went as far as to develop specialized software systems to hide real emissions. Surely it must have tried to develop engines that would not emit the 10-40 times legal limits they have been found to do at present, before turning to its programmers to ‘solve’ the issue.

And if Volkswagen couldn’t make those engines, why should other carmakers be able to? They all have the ability to take each other’s vehicles apart and find out exactly how they function. It’s not an industry that has too many secrets lying around. Once your product’s on the market, your secrets are too.

Investigators should go talk to the programmers who wrote the software, see what they have to say about why they did it, and who ordered them to. There must be pockets of deep shame and guilt, and fear of repercussions, among programmers and engineers alike. Someone’s bound to give up the goods.

If anything, this could be a good test of the transparency of our societies, our legal systems, and the political clout of major corporations. And that last bit should temper our expectations.

Home Forums Merkel’s Next Big Headache: Volkswagen’s ‘Defeat Device’

This topic contains 7 replies, has 5 voices, and was last updated by  DIYer 3 years, 10 months ago.

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  • #24014

    NPC Oldsmobile Golden Rocket 88 Holiday Sedan for 1957, Columbus GA 1908 Angela Merkel has another huge headache on her plate. She seems to attract th
    [See the full post at: Merkel’s Next Big Headache: Volkswagen’s ‘Defeat Device’]

    #24017

    Nassim
    Participant

    Funnily enough, one of my first jobs was as a “long range planner” for Lucas/CAV. At that time (1973/4) it was one of the biggest maker of fuel injection pumps for diesel engines. I looked at the US market and strongly recommended it in my reports to the board. Nothing really came of it as the price of petrol was so low in the USA compared to Europe – as it still is. Diesel only really comes into its own when fuel is highly taxed or fuel economy paramount (e.g. mining / shipping)

    It is obvious that these results are much more relevant for cities like Paris – where most cars are diesel. In the USA, diesel remains a niche market IMHO.

    #24025

    SchlauFuchs
    Participant

    I consider the VW scandal as a big red herring to distract from the refugee crisis. It totally is consuming all space on all news media. And it even is a known fact to the government for years, and absolutely not unusual in the domain of car manufacturing. The same is known to happen in appliances to improve the energy star rating.

    #24026

    SchlauFuchs
    Participant

    I consider the VW scandal as a big red herring to distract from the refugee crisis. It totally is consuming all space on all news media. And it even is a known fact to the government for years, and absolutely not unusual in the domain of car manufacturing. The same is known to happen in appliances to improve the energy star rating.

    #24027

    jal
    Participant

    WHY IS VW BEING SINGLED OUT?
    Why not diesel engine mfg?
    Why not truckers?
    Why not busses?

    ” Carmakers are powerful corporations, as of course are diesel producers.

    What Volkswagen has been caught cheating on concerns emissions of nitrous oxide. As for its CO2 levels, who knows what can, and maybe will, be found? The crucial question perhaps is, are we ever going to know?
    And it took a while before that for the EPA to pick up on research conducted by the California Air Resources Board. Who in turn had joined up with studies already underway at West Virginia University and the non-profit International Council on Clean Transportation, which started ‘investigating’ diesel emissions two years ago.
    The fact that the EPA has ordered recalls of vehicles dating back as far as 2009 is an indication of how long’s it’s taken to get this thing to the surface.”

    WHY IS THE TOBACCO INDUSTRY ATTACKING THE E-CIG. IT WORKED FOR ME. I NO LONGER SMOKE.

    #24079

    DIYer
    Participant

    Interesting that it was nitrous oxide. I had not seen that bit of information.

    The nitrous emission is sort-of ‘optional’. Air is made of nitrogen and oxygen, but it is difficult to get them to combine, and they do not produce energy when doing so. By itself, air does not ‘burn’. So now I understand how this happened. They could tweak the engine parameters for fuel efficiency, or for high power output, or for low NOx emission. It would be one of the ‘adjustable’ outputs of the diesel engine.

    CO2 output is not adjustable — it will always produce that as long as it is running. The amount of CO2 emitted is inevitably proportional to the amount of carbon in the fuel, since carbon combustion is the source of ~ 2/3 of the energy from burning diesel. If it didn’t emit carbon, it wouldn’t be worthwhile to burn diesel at all.

    #24083

    SchlauFuchs
    Participant

    they reduce the amount of NOx by reducing the amount of air going into the explosion chamber. less air -> less nitrogen -> less NOx, but also less expansion force.
    AFAIK all car makers cheat here. under realistic conditions no diesel car would pass the current limits, and somewhere I read most cars of todays would not even pass 1992 limits. This is a long ongoing gaming of the system.

    By making VW the skapegoat, they might want to support local industry. Like 1933.

    #24087

    DIYer
    Participant

    They scapegoated VW before, back in the day of the Beetle and the Rabbit. Even though the smaller engines in these cars emit less junk overall, and get better gas mileage, the rules were set for ‘pollution per unit of volume’ in the exhaust. So the big gas-guzzling Cadillacs could pass, because their oversized engines gulped a lot of air, thereby diluting their emissions.

    And interestingly, some of the late ’70s or ’80s Rabbit models had an air pump, to add air to the exhaust stream, just so they could pass emissions tests. So, cheating. But cheating on a rigged system of rules.

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